4 Groups of instruments: Chordophones ( stringed instruments ) Aerophones (Wind Instruments ) Idiophones (Shaken instruments ) Membraphones ( Drums )
- African names banjar, banjil, banza, bangoe, bangie, banshaw.
- 1620 Richard Jobson while exploring the Gambra River in Africa in 1620 he recorded an instrument ...made of a great gourd and a neck, thereunto was fastened strings.
- Mandinka kora
- Looks like a harp, but its playing style is closer to flamenco guitar.
- The first known reference to the kora comes from 1799 Mungo Park Travels in Interior Districts of Africa. He describes it as a large harp with 18 strings.
- The koras body is made from a calabash gourd cut in half and partially covered with cow skin. Traditionally, there are twenty-one playing strings plucked by the thumb and forefinger of each hand.
- The remaining fingers grip the two vertical hand posts. For strings, players use fishing line which provides a brillant tone and is easily obtained at the local market. Twenty-one anchor strings attach the playing strings to an iron ring bored through the base of the koras hardwood neck.
- The player tunes the kora by moving the leather rings to achieve the appropriate tension on each string. Kora players use a variety of tunings.
- Audio: "Alla L'aa ke" played by Alhaji Bai Konte Traditional musical pattern, played to check the kora's tuning
- Gourd guitar - Gonje or Gouje
- Earth Guitar - Hole in the ground with a resonating membrane.Mbulum-bumba, single string bow harp from - Called Berimbau